Coronavirus Facts, COVID-19, coronavirus, novel coronavirus, new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, public health, virus

Coronavirus COVID-19 – The Essential Facts

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Coronavirus COVID-19 Facts

In this, the first of a series of articles we will be publishing on the new coronavirus, we answer some of the fundamental questions that people may have about COVID-19.

We do not profess to be medical experts. Even so, we will be aiming to cut through the fake news and the scaremongering to bring you the facts as we understand them as the coronavirus crisis develops. If you would like to receive updates from us on the coronavirus and other safety and security issues, please subscribe to our mailing list.

Header Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay

What is a Coronavirus?

What is a Coronavirus, COVID-19, coronavirus, novel coronavirus, new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, public health, virusImage by Matt from Pixabay

Many people are referring to COVID-19 as “The Coronavirus.” But, COVID-19 is the name of the disease caused by the new coronavirus, which is called SARS-CoV-2.

SARS-CoV-2 is only one a member of a large family of viruses known as coronaviruses. Coronaviruses cause illnesses that vary in severity, ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases like Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).

Coronaviruses are what is known as zoonotic, which means that they can be passed from animals to humans. SARS-CoV-2 was called a novel coronavirus because the disease had not been seen in humans before.

What is COVID-19?

COVID-19 is the disease caused by the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. The first cases of COVID identified were reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, in November 2019. The condition can cause severe respiratory problems and pneumonia in some people. Most people, though, experience minor symptoms and make a full recovery.

What Are the Symptoms of Coronavirus COVID-19?

The symptoms of COVID-19 are similar to a cold or the flu. The symptoms manifest themselves within two weeks of exposure to the virus. COVID-19 symptoms include a fever, a persistent cough,  and breathing difficulties.

How is COVID-19 Transmitted?

It is believed that COVID-19 is transmitted via respiratory droplets, which are emitted when people cough or sneeze. The virus can be passed on via surfaces that someone who has the virus has touched if you then touch your face, eyes, or mouth. Because the SARS-CoV-2 has not been seen in humans before, though, scientists are still not 100% certain how the virus is transmitted from person to person.

What is the Mortality Rate for Coronavirus COVID-19?

The mortality rate for COVID-19 has varied with age and geographical location. The death rate in China has been reported at 3.6%. Outside of China, the COVID-19 death rate has been 1.5% of people who have contracted the disease.

The risk of death increases significantly with age. For people aged 10-59, the death rate has been between 0.2% and 1.3%. For people aged 60 and above, the death rate has been between 3.6% and 14.5%, with the highest rate being in 80+ years old.

How can You Protect Yourself Against COVID-19?

The current advice on how to protect yourself against COVID-19 is to take common sense hygiene precautions. Those precautions include washing your hands regularly and keeping your distance from infected people:

  • Wash Your Hands Regularly with Soap and Water for 20 seconds
  • If no soap is available, use a 60%+ hand sanitizer
  • Avoid touching any part of your face with your hands
  • Keep 6 feet away from infected people.
  • Keep 3 feet away from anyone with cold or flu symptoms
  • Wear a face mask if you are caring for someone with the virus

How Can You Help Prevent the Spread of COVID-19?

As well as protecting yourself, it is also essential that you help prevent the spread of the virus. This again comes down to common sense precautions. It is especially important to take hygiene precautions when you are around older people or people who already have other medical conditions. In addition to the above steps to protect yourself from COVID-19, you should also be following the following guidelines to prevent the virus from spreading.

  • Stay at home if you have cold or flu symptoms
  • Cover your coughs and sneezes with a tissue and dispose of the tissue straight away
  • If you have a fever, a cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice by phone or internet
  • Avoid physical contact with other people, including shaking hands
  • Follow public health advice
  • Follow government travel advice

Coronavirus Facts, COVID-19, coronavirus, novel coronavirus, new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, public health, virus


We hope that this coronavirus COVID-19 facts page has been helpful. Please do share this page with your friends on social media so that more people can learn the truth about the new coronavirus.

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